The remarkable whale fossils found in the desert in Chile are in the news again (e.g. BBC News) following a paper published in Proceedings B of the Royal Society, by Nicholas Pyenson and 13 other authors.1
These whales are one of the most remarkable finds of fossils whales found in recent years. A whole graveyard was found in 2010 as a highway was being widened, and since then they have been carefully excavated and documented.
This find is a graphic evidence of the destructive effects of the global Flood of Noah’s day. I reported a detailed analysis of the depositional setting for the whale fossils using a biblical geological interpretive framework and concluded they were buried as the floodwaters were receding from the South American continent. That was as the continents of the world were rising and the ocean basins were sinking.
The evidence for this is set out in detail in the article “80 whales buried mysteriously in Chilean desert: Marine graveyard is evidence for Noah’s Flood.”
This evidence for such an enormous mass kill of such large animals is a problem for researchers who do not believe in Noah’s Flood.2 Their problem is that they are trying to explain the find by processes that we see happening in the present. The difficulty is that we do not see scores of whales dying at sea and being buried on the land in mass graveyards, and slowly covered by sediment over thousands of years. With their long-age geological framework of thinking they are faced with multiple problems: how to kill all those whales and other creatures found, how to bury them quickly before their remains disintegrate and they are scavenged and decay, and how to put them in the desert in Chile far above sea level. With their geological philosophy they are prohibited from invoking any processes with any hint of biblical proportions.
The latest attempt published in the Royal-Society paper suggests that the whales perished in a harmful algal bloom (which they dub HAB) and were deposited in a supratidal flat. They invoke the algal bloom to try to explain the range of different kinds of fossils found dead and buried at the site. They invoke the supratidal flat to try to explain how so many whales were preserved in a pristine condition for the long period of time necessary to cover them so they did not rot away.
The authors say that the “carcasses were buried under a relatively continuous rate of fine sediments”. How long is it going to take to bury a graveyard of whales by such a slow process? How could the carcases be preserved so long?
The fossil graveyard is a most unusual and unexpected discovery. It does not fit the normal sorts of environments that we see on the earth today. That is why they need to invoke such an implausible environment to explain what they find. But, they also have a problem with time because they imagine, within their worldview, that all this took vast amounts of time—perhaps multiple millions of years. So, not only do they invoke one farfetched scenario, they need to invoke it multiple times over millions of years in order to make it stretch over the long ages that they need.
However, these whales perished late in Noah’s Flood and were buried as the floodwaters were receding, during a period of rapid sedimentation. This simple scenario explains the evidence elegantly.
The whales may well have perished in an algal bloom, although there does not appear to be significant direct evidence of this at the excavation site. There was an earlier find of a whale graveyard in South America by geologists from Loma Linda University where there is direct evidence that whales were buried in a bloom situation. (See Dead whales telling tales.)
If it was an algal bloom then it would have occurred during the Flood. It would have been one algal bloom that occurred quickly, and not multiple repeated blooms that re-occurred over a period of thousands or millions of years in the same place.
From the analysis presented in multiple articles on this biblical-geology site,3 the evidence suggests that the peaking of the floodwaters occurred somewhere around the top of the Cretaceous (this could vary slightly from place to place around the world, but it is generally around that area). By this time, at the mid-point of the Flood, the oceans were much warmer (due to all the volcanic activity) and they were rich in nutrients (due to the rotting remains of plants and animals that perished in the Flood). These conditions were ripe for producing widespread algal blooms, and rapid multiplication of all sorts of tiny marine organisms. These conditions seem to explain such phenomena as the vast chalk deposits that cover Cretaceous Europe (such as the White Cliffs of Dover). These whales were buried after the peak as the floodwaters were receding from the continent.
The paltry attempt by long-age geologists to explain the fossils by repeated algal blooms and slow burial are wholly inadequate to account for the catastrophic environment that the fossils preserve. They perished in one event just after the peak of Noah’s Food, and were buried quickly after they died. These whales found buried upside-down in the desert of Chile are one of the most remarkable fossils graveyards discovered in recent years, and provide a graphic picture of the devastation brought upon the earth by the judgment of Noah’s Flood.
- Nicholas D. Pyenson, Carolina S. Gutstein, James F. Parham, Jacobus P. Le Roux, Catalina Carreño Chavarría, Holly Little, Adam Metallo, Vincent Rossi, Ana M. Valenzuela-Toro, Jorge Velez-Juarbe, Cara M. Santelli, David Rubilar Rogers, Mario A. Cozzuol, and Mario E. Suárez, Repeated mass strandings of Miocene marine mammals from Atacama Region of Chile point to sudden death at sea, Proc. R. Soc. B vol. 281, no. 1781, 22 April 2014. Published 26 February 2014 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.3316
- The large team of researchers included four from Chile, and one from Brazil. Chile has a Christian population greater than 85% and only a small non-religious population of less than 15% (http://www.operationworld.org/chil). I would not be surprised if one or two people on the team actually believed that Noah’s Flood was a real event. However, they likely would not be able to admit this to fellow team members. Especially their paper could not include any hint of a reference to Noah’s Flood or it would not even make it to peer review. So, they have all had to go through the motions of trying to find a modern environment to explain the remarkable find.
- Some articles that connect the geological column to the timing of the Flood are:
The Great Artesian Basin
Perth geological section, breakup of Gondwana, and the draining of Noah’s Flood
Geologists see effects of Noah’s Flood in Africa